This is a model response to a Writing Task 1 topic from High Scorer’s Choice IELTS Practice Tests book series (reprinted with permission). This answer is close to IELTS Band 9.
Set 1 Academic book, Practice Test 4
Writing Task 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The bar chart below shows the average Australian water consumption in selected cities for last year. The pie chart shows the distribution of Australian water consumption for last year.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
Sample Band 9 Report
The bar chart shows the average Australian water consumption in selected cities for last year, while the pie chart shows how water was used in Australia for last year.
It can clearly be seen that water supply affected most of the key parts of Australian life and industry, but the most severely affected sector in a shortage would be agriculture.
The highest water consumer was the city of Perth with 300 kilolitres per property as an annual average. It was followed by Brisbane and Adelaide, where properties used 250 and about 240 kilolitres a year on average. In Sydney households consumed 200 kilolitres of water annually, and the smallest yearly average consumption was recorded in Melbourne and Canberra, about 150 and 140 kilolitres per property respectively.
Among industries, the largest water user in Australia last year was agriculture, which took up over two thirds of usage at 67%. The next largest usage was by households (9%), water supply, sewage and drainage (7%) and water used for electricity and gas supply (7%). The rest was used by manufacturing (4%), other industries (4%) and mining (2%).
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Why does the person state ”…the most severely affected sector in a shortage would be agriculture.”? The question or the chart never talks about any shortage of water.
This is just another way to say that agriculture uses a lot of water. Water is a finite resource and these charts describe its allocation to various industries. For some industries, such as agriculture, water crucial, and their usage reflects it.