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IELTS Report, topic: Line graphs describing the production and demand for steel in the UK

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 Line Graph of Production and Demand for Steel in the UK

This is a model answer for an Academic Writing Task 1 from the IELTS exam in Italy. This response is likely to get Band 8 or 8.5 in IELTS.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task

The line graphs below show the production and demand for steel in million tonnes and the number of workers employed in the steel industry in the UK in 2010. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words

IELTS writing task 1 demand for steel

IELTS writing task 1 workers employed in steel production

* Note: these aren’t the original graphs given in the test, they were recreated for the purpose of demonstration.

Band 8 Model Answer

Download the Sample Band 8 Report here

The graphs illustrate the production and demand for steel in million tonnes, along with the number of workers employed in the UK steel industry in 2010.

Overall, steel production consistently exceeded actual demand across the year, with significant fluctuations observed in both metrics. Employment numbers also varied widely, showing a general decline over the twelve-month period.

Steel production peaked at 5000 million tonnes in February but dropped dramatically to just 900 million tonnes by December. Meanwhile, demand was highest in March and June, at 3000 million tonnes, but later dropped to zero in November. Despite these variations, production levels remained relatively stable from January to June, averaging around 4000 million tonnes. The latter half of the year saw more volatility, with production dropping sharply towards the end of the year. Notably, December was the only month in which the amount of steel produced was lower than the demand at 900 and 2000 million tonnes respectively.

Regarding employment figures, the number of workers started high in January at 5000 but saw a significant decline over the year, reaching the lowest point of 1000 in December. February had the highest employment at 5500 workers, which then steadily decreased. The workforce fluctuated slightly in the summer months at between 2500 and 3500 but continued to decline overall, dropping to the lowest number of just 1000 in December.

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