This essay topic was seen in recent IELTS test in India.
Some people believe that countries should produce all the food necessary to feed their populations and import as little food as possible. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
In recent years the topic of food sovereignty has become a pressing issue for many nations. It is a commonly held belief that that countries should prioritise being self-sufficient by producing all the food necessary for their citizens instead of importing it. Although this viewpoint has its merits, I believe that this is not a feasible or beneficial option.
To begin, utilising local food production will enhance a country’s national security, as this will prevent international disputes that may occur over pricing and other financial issues related to importing goods, such as taxes and other costs. In addition, local food production will promote sustainable agricultural practices according to a country’s regional climates, which will preserve local biodiversity.
However, it must be noted that this method might not be beneficial for all nations, as not every country possesses arable land or a climate that is conducive to cultivating a variety of produce. For example, countries in colder parts of the world would not have access to tropical fruits like mangoes or bananas. Therefore, importing food is vital to provide a variety of food items as well an ensuring that certain items are available even during off seasons or other times of shortage. I also believe that being exposed to food items from other countries can add to our cultural diversity and enrich our culinary experiences.
In conclusion, while it might be beneficial for some nations to strive for food self-sufficiency, for many others this approach is unrealistic and could deprive a large part of the world of the broader benefits of global trade. Therefore, a balanced combination of domestic production and imports would be a more suitable option.
This essay is a great example of Band 8 level writing.
Task Response: Band 8
The essay effectively addresses the task by presenting a clear opinion on the issue of food sovereignty. The writer discusses the advantages of local food production for national security and sustainable agricultural practices while acknowledging the limitations due to varying climates. The essay also recognises the importance of imports for variety, availability, and cultural enrichment. The opinion is well-developed and supported throughout the essay.
Coherence and Cohesion: Band 8
The essay is well-organised and coherent. It has a clear introduction, body paragraphs that present distinct points, and a concise conclusion that restates the opinion. Each paragraph discusses a specific aspect of the topic, and ideas are logically connected within and between paragraphs. The use of cohesive devices is effective in guiding the reader through the essay.
Lexical Resource: Band 8
The essay demonstrates a good range of vocabulary. There is effective use of language related to agricultural practices, international trade, and cultural diversity. Phrases like “food sovereignty,” “arable land,” and “culinary experiences” showcase a varied vocabulary. The writer also effectively uses words like “utilising,” “conducive,” and “deprive,” displaying a good command of language.
Grammatical Range and Accuracy: Band 8
The essay displays a strong command of grammar. Complex sentence structures are used accurately, and the sentences are varied.
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